Does Color Remover Damage Your Hair?

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Does Color Remover Damage Your Hair?

does color remover damage hair

It shouldn’t if used correctly. Don’t blame your color remover for any damage or unexpected color that you discover after using it!

In this article, we’ll get into the specifics of color removers, permanent hair color, how to avoid damaging your hair when using color remover, and its limitations. You’ll be aware of what to expect.

Getting to Know Your Hair

First and foremost, in order to truly understand what happens when you color your hair and then remove color from your hair, you must first understand your hair, how it’s structured, and what makes up your natural color.

The cuticle of natural hair is colorless. The pigments are located in the cortex.

Melanin is the pigment that gives your hair its natural color. All natural hair colors are composed of the same four pigments of two types of melanin: black and brown pigments called eumelanin and red and yellow pigments called pheomelanin.

The concentration of melanin determines the shade or depth of hair color. The darker the hair, the more melanin it produces. The ratio of black and brown eumelanin to yellow and red pheomelanin determines hair color. A cool-toned hair color is created by using more black and brown pigments, whereas a warm-toned hair color is created by using more red and yellow pigments.

Blondes and people with light hair tend to have yellow undertones. Warmer orange undertones are produced by brown hair, while red undertones are produced by very dark hair.

What Is Permanent Hair Color And How Does It Work?

It’s also critical to understand how permanent hair color affects your hair so you know what to expect when using a color remover.

All too often, people leave reviews for color removers claiming that it damaged their hair or changed the color, when the damage or unexpected color was caused by the coloring process, not the color remover.

Permanent hair color can cause structural changes in your hair, which can damage it and, of course, change the color. The amount of damage and color change depends on whether you dye it darker or lighter, the condition of your hair before coloring it, the amount of post-dye care you provide, and so on.

A developer is used in permanent hair color to allow it to penetrate the hair cuticle and deposit color onto the cortex. Developer contains hydrogen peroxide, which either lifts (lightens) or deposits color, depending on whether you are coloring your hair lighter or darker, and this determines the developer’s strength.

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Developer Volume and Strength

Developer is available in four strengths: 10 volume, 20 volume, 30 volume, and 40 volume (strongest). Sometimes developer strength is expressed as a percentage.

10% volume equals 3%
Volume of 20% = 6%
30 volume equals 9%

40% volume equals 12%
Peroxide is used at higher concentrations in lighter-colored dyes and at lower concentrations in darker-colored dyes.

For no-lift hair color, use the 10 volume developer (i.e. for darker colors that do not require lightening). It is intended for use when adding a color tone or tint to hair of the same lightness level. The low percentage of peroxide used in 10 volume developers is used to open the hair cuticle, allowing the permanent color to penetrate the hair rather than to lighten it.

The 20 volume developer lifts the hair by one to two levels by opening the cuticle. The majority of standard box dyes employ at least a 20 volume developer. So, if you use a box dye rather than a separate color and developer, you can expect some lightening of your natural color.

The 30 volume developer works similarly to the 20 volume developer, but it will lighten the original color of the hair by two to three shades.

The 40 volume developer is the most powerful. It will lift your hair four shades and is best used on lighter blondes.

It will also do the most damage because it is much stronger.

You should stay away from 40 volume developers at all costs. If you’re still not convinced, just Google “hair bleach fails,” and you’ll see that almost all of them are the result of the person mixing their bleach with 40 volume developer.

Despite the fact that bleach and permanent hair color are not the same, it is the developer that causes the damage.

What Happens To Hair Pigments When You Color Your Hair?

So, for a moment, let’s go back to your natural hair color. You’ll see why it’s critical to understand your hair color in order to understand what happens to it when you color it.

When coloring your hair darker, the developer will be less concentrated. To deposit the darker color, it does not need to lift your hair color as much.

Having said that, even though it isn’t as powerful, even 20 volume uses enough peroxide to lighten your hair.

If you’re going for a lighter color, your developer will be stronger because it will need to lift (bleach) your natural color to achieve the desired color.

The developer is removing the various colored pigments one layer at a time. Cool-toned color pigments are smaller molecules that are lifted out of your hair first during the coloring process.

Because the warmer-toned pigment molecules (red and orange) are larger, they are the last (and take the longest) to be lifted out of the hair. In addition, there are more warm pigment molecules than cool pigment molecules.

As a result of the developer changing the natural color of your hair, hair can often be left with a yellow or orange hue after using a color remover.

So, if you’ve dyed your hair, especially if it’s a lighter color, don’t expect a color remover to restore it to its natural color. Color remover will only remove the dye color, leaving you with the color of your processed hair underneath.

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This is usually remedied by using hair toners and toning shampoo.

What Is Color Remover? And How Does It Work?

Only permanent dye color is removed by color remover. That’s all. It will not remove semi-permanent or demi-permanent hair color, nor will it remove all-natural, plant-based dyes like henna.

Color removers work by entering the hair shaft and dissolving the bonds that allow the dye molecules to adhere to your hair, breaking up the molecules into smaller pieces that can then be rinsed out of the hair.

Although color remover will not change the color of your hair, it is important to understand that it will not restore your natural color if you have bleached it or used a permanent hair color. It will only remove the permanent dye, revealing the color of your hair beneath.

If you colored your hair with permanent color, it will most likely be lighter, and you may have unwanted yellow or orange undertones from the coloring process.

Orange Happens

Developer is used in the application of permanent hair color. If you’ve been coloring your hair from dark to light, you’ll almost certainly end up with some unwanted warm brassy undertones that you weren’t expecting.

You now understand why.

You also understand that if your underlying color has changed, it is due to the coloring process, not the color remover.

But don’t worry. Blue and purple shampoos are a quick fix for unwanted brassy undertones!

If you have brassy yellow tones, use a purple shampoo to counteract them.

If your unwanted brassy tones are more copper/orange, try a blue shampoo.

Does Color Remover Damage Your Hair?

Most color removers do not contain the bleaching agents found in hair bleach, such as ammonia and peroxide. These are the ingredients that cause hair damage, leaving it brittle and dry.

If you use a color remover according to the instructions, it should not harm your hair.

Pro Tip: If you only want to remove color and leave your natural hair color alone, make sure your color remover does not contain bleach.

However, it can be drying because it removes dye color as well as your hair’s natural oils. As a result, it is recommended that you follow up with a deep conditioning treatment or a hair mask.

Color removers should not be used on a regular basis.

If you like to change your hair color every other week, choose a semi-permanent or demi-permanent dye that will eventually wash out rather than a permanent dye that will require the use of a color remover to remove.

  • Read labels carefully because some color removers, such as L’Oreal Paris Effasol Color Remover and Redbook Color Changer – Permanent Hair Color Remover, do contain bleach.

Although bleach will lighten your hair, it is extremely damaging. So, if you’re wondering, “Does color remover damage hair?” color removers containing bleach will undoubtedly cause hair damage.

These bleach-based color removers are only recommended if you’ve previously lightened your hair before coloring it, and they should not be used if your hair is already damaged. You should probably avoid them at all costs.

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If you only want to remove color and leave your natural hair color alone, make sure your color remover does not contain bleach.

How Many Times Can I Use a Color Remover?

If you’ve only colored your hair once, one application is usually sufficient. If you’ve been coloring your hair for a long time, the build-up may be more difficult to remove. You can use the color remover up to three times in a row if necessary.

Some darker hair dyes, such as black or red, can be more difficult to remove. They make extensive use of synthetic pigments and may necessitate multiple applications of color remover.

Worst-case scenario: black dye can leave the hair permanently stained. If you are still unable to remove the color completely after three applications of color remover, you should consult a salon color specialist.

Color remover will not harm your hair if used properly (read the directions!). However, if you use it too frequently or too many times in a row, it can cause damage to your hair.

If you didn’t get the desired result the first time, you can try again, but don’t use a color remover more than three times in a row.

Is It Better To Use Bleach Or Color Remover?

When it comes to bleach vs. color remover, there is a lot of misunderstanding. It’s easy to see why because they both remove color, but there are some significant differences.

Hair bleaching removes color from your hair. It not only removes any hair dye in your hair, but it also uses a lightening agent (usually peroxide or ammonia) in an alkaline solution to open up the hair shaft and allow the agent to enter where it bonds with melanin (pigment) molecules and oxidizes them, stripping your hair of its natural color. Bleach has the potential to be extremely damaging to your hair.

Color remover, on the other hand, only removes permanent dye color, leaving your hair’s natural color intact. Semi-permanent colors and plant-based dyes, such as henna, are not removed by color remover.

Using a color remover should not cause any harm to your hair.

Because color remover and bleach are two completely different products with completely different results, the end result you want to achieve will dictate which product you need to use.

If…, use a color remover. You only want to get rid of a permanent dye color without lightening your natural hair color.

Use bleach if… you want to lighten your hair or remove any type of non-permanent or all-natural dye.

Take Away

Color remover will not harm your hair if you follow these instructions:

  • Read and adhere to the instructions.
  • Check to see if the color remover contains bleach.
  • If your hair is already severely damaged, avoid using color remover.
  • Color remover should not be used more than three times in a row.
  • Do not use color remover on a regular basis – if you like changing your hair color frequently, choose a semi-permanent color that washes out rather than a permanent color that must be removed.

Articles compiled by: Saintpeterii.com wide base knowledge. See more articles in this category: Hair Care